Abadi Bano Begum (Bi Amman ) (Urdu: عبادی بانو بیگم) (1850–1924) was a prominent voice in the Indian independence movement. She was also known as Bi Amman.Begum was one of the first Muslim women to actively take part in politics and was part of the movement to free India from the British Raj.
Bano Begum did not have any formal education but still sent her children to an English-medium school in the town of Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh.Her sons, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali went on to become leading figures of the Khilafat Movement and the Indian independence movement. They played an important role during the non-cooperation movement against the British Raj.
Bano Begum took an active part in politics and was part of the Khilafat committee.
She traveled extensively throughout India to galvanize support for the Khilafat movement. Bano Begum played an important part in fundraising for the Khilafat movement and the Indian independence movement. She, along with Begum Hasrat Mohani, the wife of Maulana Hasrat Mohani, Basanti Devi, Sarala Devi Chaudhurani, and Sarojini Naidu, often addressed women-only gatherings and exhorted women to donate to the Tilak Swaraj Fund which was set up by Bal Gangadhar Tilak for the Indian freedom movement. She was active in the freedom movement until her death in 1924.