HISTORY TODAY IN MEDICINE

AVICENNA 980 – 1037 AD

đź’ Persian Polymath

His Contributions….

🔸Avicenna is known in west as Ibn Sina in Arabic. He was considered as one of the most brilliant figures in the history of medicine. He was born in a Persian family Afshana, Iran (now part of Uzbekistan) .
🔸He was actually inspired by his father, who was a local governor for a village and his house was meant to be a meeting place for learned men.
🔸In his period, he was a child prodigy, who memorized the Quran and more Arabic poetry at the age of 10 years.
🔸He started studying medicine at the age of thirteen. When he was 18 years, he became an established physician.
🔸After treating the serious illness of Sultan of Bukhara, he became his court physician and rewarded to access the royal library. It had a unique books and manuscripts, which enriched his knowledge further.
🔸In fact, his form of medicines are based on the amalgamation of Hippocatic tradition, Aristotelian natural philosophy, Galenic humoral physiology and Islamic principles.
🔸Moreover, his two Arabic books “Kitab al-Shifa” (The Book of Healing), a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and “Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb” (The Canon of Medicine,) which is the most famous books in the history of medicine.
🔸The Canon of Medicine was a five volume book, which has thousands of pages. It became the standard reference and textbook for physicians in European medical schools for centuries and also translated into Latin, Hebrew, Turkish, Persian, and Irish Gaelic.
🔸His books have undoubtedly revealed vast knowledge in human physiology and anatomy. Some of his significant contributions in medicine are below…
đź”…Precisely described the optic and recurrent laryngeal nerves
đź”…Surgical interventions such as removal of diseased gallbladder
đź”…First to describe thyroid related orbitopathy & esophageal cancer
đź”…First to popularize the tendon repair
đź”…First to use an fexible catheter to irrigate the bladder and to relieve urinary retention
đź”…Described meningitis
đź”…Advocated the use of music for some mental illnesses
đź”…Recommended the care of the newborn infant
đź”…Emphasised the importance of neonatal and maternal hygiene, proper nutrition, umbilical cord care, neonatal eye care..
đź”…Further, he emphasized the importance of breastfeeding and music during breastfeeding for the proper development of the mind.
🔸The father of modern medicine Sir William Osler, has described Avicenna as the “Author of the most famous medical textbook ever written” and also connotes his book as “A Medical Bible.”
🔸Avicenna was indeed a true polymath who made an enormous contributions in the field of medicine as well as in physics, chemistry, geology, astronomy, philosophy and as a poet.

A Day to Commemorate…

The Master Wise Man The Prince of Physicians Avicenna🙏🏼

⚜️Dr.M.Gowri Sankar.MD
Coimbatore.

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